This PCORI Topical PCORI Funding Announcement (PFA) seeks to fund high-quality, patient-centered comparative clinical effectiveness research (CER) projects that focus on sleep health.

Key Dates

  • LOI Status Notification:
    March 5, 2024
  • Application Deadline:
    May 7, 2024; 5 pm (ET)
Apply Here

Research Initiative Highlights;

Quality sleep is an important component of health and quality of life, but over 50 million people of all ages in the United States experience sleep-related problems. This Topical PFA will solicit applications focused on sleep health. PCORI is particularly interested in applications focusing on sleep in high-need and/or underserved populations, including but not limited to shift workers, inpatients, pregnant and postpartum persons, rural populations, low-income populations, sexual/gender minorities, racial and ethnic minorities, and individuals with comorbid chronic conditions. Applications may propose comparative clinical effectiveness studies of screening, diagnostic and treatment approaches for sleep disorders (e.g., insomnia and/or obstructive sleep apnea [OSA]); interventions promoting sleep health; or system-level strategies delivered in hospital, clinic or community settings to improve patient-centered sleep outcomes. 

Applications designed to develop new technology (such as mobile apps) will be considered nonresponsive. Cultural adaptation of efficacious technology-based interventions to promote sleep health equity in underserved communities may be responsive. Additionally, at least one primary outcome must be focused on improving sleep health.  

PCORI is particularly interested in submissions that address the following Special Areas of Emphasis (SAEs). The purpose of identifying these SAEs is to encourage submissions to these areas, not to limit submissions to these topics. Applicants addressing one of the below SAEs should identify the area that is best associated with their research approach:

  1. Promoting Sleep Health Equity: Historically underserved and disenfranchised populations experience poorer sleep health than the general population and often lack access to adequate screening for and treatment of sleep disorders. PCORI is interested in studies comparing strategies to enhance access to efficacious screening and/or treatment for sleep disorders and to promote sleep health. Studies could include cultural tailoring as appropriate for specific populations.
  2. Chronic Conditions Co-occurring with Sleep Disturbances: Sleep can be impacted by interventions designed to address chronic conditions co-occurring with sleep disturbances. PCORI is interested in studies of the effectiveness of interventions addressing health conditions such as obesity, mental health disorders (e.g., anxiety) and substance use disorders on the outcomes of sleep disorders (e.g., OSA and insomnia).
  3. Focus on Sleep Health Beyond Diagnosed Sleep Disorders: Poor sleep can negatively impact physical and mental health in individuals without a diagnosed sleep disorder. PCORI is interested in studies comparing interventions designed for individuals with short or irregular sleep duration, irregular sleep-wake schedules, or otherwise disrupted sleep. Studies could focus on improving sleep health using technology-based interventions, clinical or care delivery interventions (e.g., improving provider assessment of sleep health), and/or addressing social needs with documented impact on sleep health, among other approaches.
  4. Promoting Sleep Health in Inpatient Settings: Sleep is fundamental to recovery from acute illness, however, sleep disturbance in inpatient settings is common and contributes to worse health outcomes. PCORI is interested in studies that compare efficacious and/or widely used strategies amenable to broad implementation and adoption (e.g., sleep aids, light and manual therapies) for promoting sleep health for inpatient populations (defined broadly to include hospital and nonhospital settings) with or without a sleep disorder diagnosis.

Applicants are strongly encouraged to propose individual, or cluster randomized, controlled trials; however, well-specified natural experiments and well-designed observational studies will also be considered. Proposed studies should examine large and diverse populations with an overall sample size that will allow precision in the estimation of hypothesized effect sizes and, as appropriate, analysis of heterogeneity of treatment effect. Applicants are encouraged to pay special attention to issues of intervention implementation with an aim of facilitating widespread uptake of findings after completion of the study. However, strict implementation or dissemination studies will not be considered responsive nor will studies focused on the development of research methods. Applicants should propose well-justified sleep-related outcomes that are clinically meaningful and considered important by patients and that can be impacted by the proposed intervention within the study duration.

Applicants should consider, as appropriate, the full range of sleep-related clinical and patient-centered outcomes data relevant to patients and members of the broader health and healthcare community. PCORI’s Principles for the Consideration of the Full Range of Outcomes Data in PCORI-Funded Research inform the expectations for applicants and the corresponding evaluation of applications submitted in response to this PFA.

This funding announcement will accept applications with direct costs up to $12 million dollars and up to five years in duration. For this funding announcement, applicants may request coverage of patient care costs (including medical products, procedures and care services) for potential funding by PCORI. These costs are included as part of the overall direct costs.

PCORI encourages all investigators interested in applying to use this inquiry form to submit questions and request to speak with a PCORI Program Officer.

Please note: For proposed research that focuses on sleep health in persons with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities (IDD), please consider instead submitting a Letter of Intent to the Cycle 1 2024 Intellectual and Development Disabilities Topical PFA.

Download Full Announcement

Key Dates

Online System Opens
January 9, 2024
Applicant Town Hall
View Event
Letter of Intent Deadline
February 6, 2024, by 5 pm (ET)
Letter of Intent Status Notification
March 5, 2024
Application Deadline
May 7, 2024, by 5 pm (ET)
Merit Review
July 2024
Awards Announced
November 2024
Earliest Start Date
April 2025

Funds and Project Period

Funds Available Up To
$100 million
Total Direct Costs
Up to $12 million
Maximum Project Period
Up to 5 years

To Apply for This Opportunity

  1. Read the full funding announcement
  2. Follow the process outlined in the Submission Instructions
  3. Submit a Letter of Intent
  4. Submit an application (if invited)

Applicant Resources

Write Your LOI

Submit Your Application  

Required Application Templates  

Additional Applicant Resources


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