This collection of papers, articles, and commentaries provides insights into PCORI-funded work to advance patient-centered comparative clinical effectiveness research. PCORI is committed to the principles of transparency and openness in all of our work. We encourage authors to make their publications available without a subscription.
PCORI in the Literature
Engaging Parents in Hospital Rounds to Help Reduce Medical Errors
Despite ongoing efforts to improve care, medical errors—mistakes that may or may not harm patients—are a leading cause of death nationally. Improving communication in the hospital can help reduce errors. To that end, a PCORI-funded research team tested a program called I-PASS that includes parents as active participants in pediatric unit rounds at eight hospitals to see whether it would improve hospital safety. As The BMJ reports, the program reduced harmful medical errors—preventable adverse events—by 38 percent.
Is Online Care as Effective as In-Person Care for Adults with Psoriasis?
This PCORI-funded project, highlighted in JAMA Network Open, evaluated whether connecting patients and primary care physicians with dermatologists online was as effective as sending patients to an in-person appointment with a dermatologist. Researchers found that patients in the two groups experienced an equivalent improvement in disease severity, demonstrating that innovative telehealth delivery models can transform care access and delivery among patients with chronic illnesses.
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Grenon SM, Cohen BE, Smolderen K, Vittinghoff E, Whooley MA, Hiramoto J. Peripheral arterial disease, gender, and depression in the Heart and Soul Study. J Vasc Surg. 2014 Aug;60(2):396-403. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2014.02.013. Epub 2014 Mar 22. PubMed PMID: 24661811; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4199228.
Shah VO, Ghahate DM, Bobelu J, Sandy P, Newman S, Helitzer DL, Faber T, Zager P. Identifying barriers to healthcare to reduce health disparity in Zuni Indians using focus group conducted by community health workers. Clin Transl Sci. 2014 Feb;7(1):6-11. DOI: 10.1111/cts.12127. Epub 2013 Nov 8. PubMed PMID: 24528897; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3929233.
Mango J, Cabiling E, Jones L, Lucas-Wright A, Williams P, Wells K, Pulido E, Meldrum M, Ramos A, Chung B. Community Partners in Care (CPIC): Video Summary of Rationale, Study Approach / Implementation, and Client 6-month Outcomes. CES4healthinfo. 2014 Feb 25;2014. pii: 87LWR5H2. PubMed PMID: 25364622; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4212316.