This collection of papers, articles, and commentaries provides insights into PCORI-funded work to advance patient-centered comparative clinical effectiveness research. PCORI is committed to the principles of transparency and openness in all of our work. We encourage authors to make their publications available without a subscription.
PCORI in the Literature
Engaging Parents in Hospital Rounds to Help Reduce Medical Errors
Despite ongoing efforts to improve care, medical errors—mistakes that may or may not harm patients—are a leading cause of death nationally. Improving communication in the hospital can help reduce errors. To that end, a PCORI-funded research team tested a program called I-PASS that includes parents as active participants in pediatric unit rounds at eight hospitals to see whether it would improve hospital safety. As The BMJ reports, the program reduced harmful medical errors—preventable adverse events—by 38 percent.
Is Online Care as Effective as In-Person Care for Adults with Psoriasis?
This PCORI-funded project, highlighted in JAMA Network Open, evaluated whether connecting patients and primary care physicians with dermatologists online was as effective as sending patients to an in-person appointment with a dermatologist. Researchers found that patients in the two groups experienced an equivalent improvement in disease severity, demonstrating that innovative telehealth delivery models can transform care access and delivery among patients with chronic illnesses.
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Powell MP, Young AJ, Kim H. A Journey in Capacity Building: Revisiting the Mullins Framework for Meaningfully Engaging Patients in Patient Centered Outcomes Research. Front Public Health. 2018 Dec 3;6:343. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2018.00343. eCollection 2018. PubMed PMID: 30560113; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6287031
Chan CT, Wallace E, Golper TA, Rosner MH, Seshasai RK, Glickman JD, Schreiber M, Gee P, Rocco MV. Exploring Barriers and Potential Solutions in Home Dialysis: An NKF-KDOQI Conference Outcomes Report. Am J Kidney Dis. 2018 Dec 10. pii: S0272-6386(18)31060-6. doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2018.09.015. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30545707
Borre ED, Goode A, Raitz G, Shah B, Lowenstern A, Chatterjee R, et al. Predicting Thromboembolic and Bleeding Event Risk in Patients with Non-Valvular Atrial Fibrillation: A Systematic Review. Thromb Haemost. 2018;118(12):2171-87. doi: 10.1055/s-0038-1675400. PubMed PMID: 30376678.
Khan A, Spector ND, Baird JD, Ashland M, Starmer AJ, Rosenbluth G, Garcia BM, Litterer KP, Rogers JE, Dalal AK, Lipsitz S, Yoon CS, Zigmont KR, Guiot A, O'Toole JK, Patel A, Bismilla Z, Coffey M, Langrish K, Blankenburg RL, Destino LA, Everhart JL, Good BP, Kocolas I, Srivastava R, Calaman S, Cray S, Kuzma N, Lewis K, Thompson ED, Hepps JH, Lopreiato JO, Yu CE, Haskell H, Kruvand E, Micalizzi DA, Alvarado-Little W, Dreyer BP, Yin HS, Subramony A, Patel SJ, Sectish TC, West DC, Landrigan CP. Patient safety after implementation of a coproduced family centered communication programme: multicenter before and after intervention study. BMJ. 2018 Dec 5;363:k4764. doi: 10.1136/bmj.k4764. PubMed PMID: 30518517.
Lang JE, Bunnell HT, Hossain MJ, Wysocki T, Lima JJ, Finkel TH, Bacharier L, Dempsey A, Sarzynski L, Test M, Forrest CB. Being Overweight or Obese and the Development of Asthma. Pediatrics. 2018 Dec;142(6). pii: e20182119. doi: 10.1542/peds.2018-2119. PubMed PMID: 30478238.