Results Summary and Professional Abstract
Peer review of PCORI-funded research helps make sure the report presents complete, balanced, and useful information about the research. It also assesses how the project addressed PCORI’s Methodology Standards. During peer review, experts read a draft report of the research and provide comments about the report. These experts may include a scientist focused on the research topic, a specialist in research methods, a patient or caregiver, and a healthcare professional. These reviewers cannot have conflicts of interest with the study.
The peer reviewers point out where the draft report may need revision. For example, they may suggest ways to improve descriptions of the conduct of the study or to clarify the connection between results and conclusions. Sometimes, awardees revise their draft reports twice or more to address all of the reviewers’ comments.
Reviewers’ comments and the investigator’s responses included the following:
- The reviewers stated that the report was well written and that it honestly reported disappointing results related to the testing of the decision aid the investigator developed. The reviewers asked for additional details on the study methods, which the investigator provided.
- The reviewers expressed concern that the sampling strategy the investigator used for participants in the qualitative, developmental portion of the project seemed biased. The reviewers had concerns about bias because the investigator recruited individuals from patient advocacy organizations, which are often non-representative of the patient population. The investigator explained that the researchers used two recruitment strategies: seeking participants among parents whom partnering advocacy groups recommended and seeking participants among parents that any of three participating clinics identified through consecutive cases. The investigator stated that recruiting parents these two ways made the sample more representative of the patient population than recruiting only from patient advocacy organizations.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures
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Other Health Services Interventions
Shared Decision Making