Results Summary and Professional Abstract
Peer review of PCORI-funded research helps make sure the report presents complete, balanced, and useful information about the research. It also assesses how the project addressed PCORI’s Methodology Standards. During peer review, experts read a draft report of the research and provide comments about the report. These experts may include a scientist focused on the research topic, a specialist in research methods, a patient or caregiver, and a healthcare professional. These reviewers cannot have conflicts of interest with the study.
The peer reviewers point out where the draft report may need revision. For example, they may suggest ways to improve descriptions of the conduct of the study or to clarify the connection between results and conclusions. Sometimes, awardees revise their draft reports twice or more to address all of the reviewers’ comments.
Peer reviewers commented, and the researchers made changes or provided responses. The comments and responses included the following:
- Reviewers asked the researchers to explain the results in the context of existing knowledge. The researchers replied that this was difficult because there had been no past rigorous randomized controlled trials about the effects of shared decision-making interventions in pediatrics, particularly involving patients with pediatric type 1 diabetes. There have also been no similar efforts to develop multimedia decision aids with these populations.
- Reviewers asked for additional emphasis on demographic and other factors that could have moderated the effects of the shared decision-making intervention. The researchers said since they did not observe any treatment effects they could not analyze subgroup effects.
- Reviewers asked if sample size could have affected the study’s power to detect treatment effects. The researchers said that in the absence of positive treatment effects, they could not expect to see different results even in a very large sample.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures
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Other Health Services Interventions
Training and Education Interventions
Low Health Literacy/Numeracy