Results Summary and Professional Abstract
Peer review of PCORI-funded research helps make sure the report presents complete, balanced, and useful information about the research. It also assesses how the project addressed PCORI’s Methodology Standards. During peer review, experts read a draft report of the research and provide comments about the report. These experts may include a scientist focused on the research topic, a specialist in research methods, a patient or caregiver, and a healthcare professional. These reviewers cannot have conflicts of interest with the study.
The peer reviewers point out where the draft report may need revision. For example, they may suggest ways to improve descriptions of the conduct of the study or to clarify the connection between results and conclusions. Sometimes, awardees revise their draft reports twice or more to address all of the reviewers’ comments.
Peer reviewers commented, and the researchers made changes or provided responses. The comments and responses included the following:
- Reviewers said that the researchers stated the effects of the Heart Health 4 Moms program on self-efficacy, diet, and physical activity in terms of scales that would be hard for most readers to interpret. The researchers restated the outcomes to better convey the magnitude of the differences observed between the intervention group and the control group.
- Reviewers expressed concern that the study has limited generalizability because research participants were more highly educated and of higher socioeconomic status than the average population. Also, researchers restricted study participants to women with access to electronic devices and the internet. The researchers agreed that the relatively high socioeconomic status of participants limited the generalizability of the study, and they hope to test their Heart Health 4 Moms program in a higher risk population. But the researchers said Pew Research Center surveys show that the vast majority of women of reproductive age across social strata use smart, electronic devices.
- Reviewers noted that using an app on a mobile device would be easier than using a website. The researchers said they and the large majority of study participants agreed. The researchers plan to translate the Heart Health 4 Moms program into an app.
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