Results Summary and Professional Abstract
Results of This Project
Peer review of PCORI-funded research helps make sure the report presents complete, balanced, and useful information about the research. It also assesses how the project addressed PCORI’s Methodology Standards. During peer review, experts read a draft report of the research and provide comments about the report. These experts may include a scientist focused on the research topic, a specialist in research methods, a patient or caregiver, and a healthcare professional. These reviewers cannot have conflicts of interest with the study.
The peer reviewers point out where the draft report may need revision. For example, they may suggest ways to improve descriptions of the conduct of the study or to clarify the connection between results and conclusions. Sometimes, awardees revise their draft reports twice or more to address all of the reviewers’ comments.
Peer reviewers commented and the researchers made changes or provided responses. Those comments and responses included the following:
- Reviewers expressed concern that the report overstated findings related to the superiority of telehealth self-management over comprehensive outpatient management. The report highlighted nonsignificant results trending towards the superiority of telehealth self-management over comprehensive outpatient management, but not the nonsignificant results trending towards comprehensive outpatient management over telehealth self-management. The researchers made extensive revisions in the report to more accurately portray the preponderance of similar outcomes in the two study arms.
- Reviewers asked why the study used an adherence cutoff of 10 uploads over 90 days, rather than a cutoff that had been used in earlier, similar studies. The researchers explained that they established this cutoff because adherence numbers were low in the study. Stratifying results based on previously established adherence cutoffs would have led to too few outcome events to draw any conclusions about the comparative effectiveness of the two interventions.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures
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