Results Summary and Professional Abstract
Peer review of PCORI-funded research helps make sure the report presents complete, balanced, and useful information about the research. It also assesses how the project addressed PCORI’s Methodology Standards. During peer review, experts read a draft report of the research and provide comments about the report. These experts may include a scientist focused on the research topic, a specialist in research methods, a patient or caregiver, and a healthcare professional. These reviewers cannot have conflicts of interest with the study.
The peer reviewers point out where the draft report may need revision. For example, they may suggest ways to improve descriptions of the conduct of the study or to clarify the connection between results and conclusions. Sometimes, awardees revise their draft reports twice or more to address all of the reviewers’ comments.
Peer reviewers commented, and the researchers made changes or provided responses. The comments and responses included the following:
- Reviewers said the report needed a more consistent structure so that it was clear how the specific methods and results tied to each of the aims. The researchers revised the report to make sure that the descriptions in the methods and results clearly tied to the stated aims.
- Reviewers asked for more consistent structure in presenting study outcomes, so that readers would be able to discern which analyses demonstrated significant or nonsignificant results. Reviewers also asked that the discussion be revised to also clarify the results in a way that would not overinterpret the significant findings. The researchers revised the methods and results sections to provide more consistent descriptions of the outcome measures and study results. They also removed any language in the results and discussion that overstated the findings.
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