Results Summary and Professional Abstract
Final Research Report
View this project's final research report.
Related PCORI Dissemination and Implementation Project
Helping Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Improve Blood Sugar Control (right)
Hear about whether daily self-monitoring of blood sugar levels improves blood sugar control and quality of life for patients with type 2 diabetes who do not use insulin.
A Diabetes Home Test Can Be a Waste of Time and Money
"The Upshot" Blog, New York Times, March 11, 2019
Blog post author Aaron Carroll, who moderated a 2018 PCORI Annual Meeting plenary session about balancing benefits and potential harms of different treatment options, discusses this study's finding that routine glucose monitoring may be unnecessary for people with Type 2 diabetes who are not on insulin. Study Principal Investigator Katrina Donahue, MD, MPH, was a presenter/panelist in that session.
Peer review of PCORI-funded research helps make sure the report presents complete, balanced, and useful information about the research. It also confirms that the research has followed PCORI’s Methodology Standards. During peer review, experts who were not members of the research team read a draft report of the research. These experts may include a scientist focused on the research topic, a specialist in research methods, a patient or caregiver, and a healthcare professional. Reviewers do not have conflicts of interest with the study.
The peer reviewers point out where the draft report may need revision. For example, they may suggest ways to improve how the research team analyzed its results or reported its conclusions. Learn more about PCORI’s peer review process here.
In response to peer review, the PI made changes including
- Adding more information about what the outcomes of the study were designed to measure and what difference in results between groups would be considered clinically meaningful
- Expanding the text in places to demonstrate adherence to PCORI Methodology Standards
- Providing examples of the tailored messages sent to patients who were being counseled about diabetes management without needing to test their blood glucose
- Adding a discussion of possible reasons for the failure to sustain significant improvements in glycemic control seen in the intervention group at six months
- Providing the context for their exploratory analyses of the association between hemoglobin A1c and compliance with self-monitoring of blood glucose
View this project's study protocol.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures
View the COI disclosure form.
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