Results Summary and Professional Abstract
Peer review of PCORI-funded research helps make sure the report presents complete, balanced, and useful information about the research. It also assesses how the project addressed PCORI’s Methodology Standards. During peer review, experts read a draft report of the research and provide comments about the report. These experts may include a scientist focused on the research topic, a specialist in research methods, a patient or caregiver, and a healthcare professional. These reviewers cannot have conflicts of interest with the study.
The peer reviewers point out where the draft report may need revision. For example, they may suggest ways to improve descriptions of the conduct of the study or to clarify the connection between results and conclusions. Sometimes, awardees revise their draft reports twice or more to address all of the reviewers’ comments.
Peer review identified the following strengths and limitations in the report:
- The reviewers acknowledged the importance of this research for advancing care for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). They felt that the patient and stakeholder engagement section of the report in particular provided an excellent model for how to conduct engagement in similar research.
- The reviewers requested more details on the usual care arm of the study, noting that it would help clinicians and administrators compare their own clinic procedures to those in the clinics in the study. The researchers provided additional information, noting also that the comparator clinics did not provide care management services for patients on controller medications.
- Based on reviewers’ comments, the researchers added to their study limitations section by acknowledging that because providers treated patients in the health coaching arm as well as the usual care arm, there may have been a halo effect, whereby providers used some of the information they learned from the intervention in treating control group patients. This could reduce the differences between study groups.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures
View the COI disclosure form.
Other Clinical Interventions
Other Health Services Interventions
Training and Education Interventions