|This project's final research report is expected to be available by August 2019.|
Peer review of PCORI-funded research helps make sure the report presents complete, balanced, and useful information about the research. It also assesses how the project addressed PCORI’s Methodology Standards. During peer review, experts read a draft report of the research and provide comments about the report. These experts may include a scientist focused on the research topic, a specialist in research methods, a patient or caregiver, and a healthcare professional. These reviewers cannot have conflicts of interest with the study.
The peer reviewers point out where the draft report may need revision. For example, they may suggest ways to improve descriptions of the conduct of the study or to clarify the connection between results and conclusions. Sometimes, awardees revise their draft reports twice or more to address all of the reviewers’ comments.
Peer reviewers commented, and the researchers made changes or provided responses. The comments and responses included the following:
- Reviewers expressed concern about identifying themes from the very small number of patients, seven, who participated in the portion of the study involving qualitative interviews. The researchers said the small number reflected the number of patients who had completed both baseline and follow-up surveys but that survey responses available from a somewhat larger set of patients, followed many of the same themes.
- Reviewers wondered why a relatively small number of patients received the intervention given the much larger pool considered. Reviewers asked whether the selection process may have introduced bias, perhaps magnifying the effects of the intervention. The researchers said the number of community health representatives available limited the study’s size. The researchers acknowledged that since patients volunteered to participate, and the study did not collect systematic data on the reasons why other patients did not participate, the findings might not be generalizable.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures
View the COI disclosure form.