Peer review of PCORI-funded research helps make sure the report presents complete, balanced, and useful information about the research. It also assesses how the project addressed PCORI’s Methodology Standards. During peer review, experts read a draft report of the research and provide comments about the report. These experts may include a scientist focused on the research topic, a specialist in research methods, a patient or caregiver, and a healthcare professional. These reviewers cannot have conflicts of interest with the study.
The peer reviewers point out where the draft report may need revision. For example, they may suggest ways to improve descriptions of the conduct of the study or to clarify the connection between results and conclusions. Sometimes, awardees revise their draft reports twice or more to address all of the reviewers’ comments.
Peer reviewers commented, and the researchers made changes or provided responses. Those comments and responses included the following:
- The reviewers questioned whether the study was really an efficacy study since the outcomes were about process of care rather than clinical change. The researchers responded that the study measured the efficacy of the intervention on changes in goals-of-care discussions as the primary outcome, a process outcome.
- The reviewers asked researchers for additional rationale for including anxiety and depression symptoms as study outcomes. The researchers responded that interventions to improve communication often lead to reductions in anxiety and depression symptoms. Therefore, these outcomes are relevant.
- The reviewers expressed concern about the low participation rate among clinicians as well as cross-contamination since the same clinicians cared for both intervention and nonintervention patients. The researchers acknowledged the low participation rate, noting that it was similar to other studies enrolling physicians in communications interventions. They also noted that the participating clinics were not organized to support clinician involvement. Few clinicians in these clinics considered goals-of-care communication to be part of their patient care responsibilities. The researchers also acknowledged that this low participation rate did raise concerns about generalizability of the intervention to other busy medical practices.
- The reviewers expressed concern about the qualitative portion of the report, finding it underdeveloped, with little description of the analyses and results. The researchers noted that the goal of the qualitative work was to provide another perspective on the findings in the report. The investigators provided additional detail in this section.
Final Research Report
View this project's final research report.
View this project's study protocol.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures
View the COI disclosure form.
|Article Highlight: This project, in an article published in JAMA Internal Medicine, revealed that the use of a survey to help clinicians and patients discuss their needs and preferences concerning end of life care resulted in a significant increase in patient-reported goals of care conversations and quality of discussions.|