Results Summary and Professional Abstract
Peer review of PCORI-funded research helps make sure the report presents complete, balanced, and useful information about the research. It also assesses how the project addressed PCORI’s Methodology Standards. During peer review, experts read a draft report of the research and provide comments about the report. These experts may include a scientist focused on the research topic, a specialist in research methods, a patient or caregiver, and a healthcare professional. These reviewers cannot have conflicts of interest with the study.
The peer reviewers point out where the draft report may need revision. For example, they may suggest ways to improve descriptions of the conduct of the study or to clarify the connection between results and conclusions. Sometimes, awardees revise their draft reports twice or more to address all of the reviewers’ comments.
Peer reviewers commented, and the researchers made changes or provided responses. Those comments and responses included the following:
- Reviewers noted the high rate of nonresponse on the follow-up surveys. Reviewers recommended that the researchers reduce the emphasis on quantitative findings. The researchers revised their report to point out that they could not draw conclusions based on the follow-up surveys because of the amount of missing outcome data.
- Reviewers lauded the qualitative work done as part of this study. Given the problems with missing outcome data, they encouraged the researchers to focus on the qualitative results. The researchers reorganized the report to provide more emphasis on the qualitative methods and results.
- Reviewers expressed concern about some inconsistencies in what the researchers considered as primary outcomes of the randomized control trial. In some places, the researchers seemed to indicate that acceptability of the intervention was a major outcome of the trial. However, the reviewers pointed out that acceptability of the intervention could not be a trial outcome since it could only be measured in the intervention group. The researchers revised their report to clarify that acceptability was a major outcome for Aim 1 on the development of the intervention.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures
View the COI disclosure form.
Other Health Services Interventions
Training and Education Interventions
Individuals with Rare Disease
Low Health Literacy/Numeracy
^Lakshmanan Krishnamurti, MD, was affiliated with the University of Pittsburgh when this project was initially funded.