Results Summary and Professional Abstract
Final Research Report
View this project's final research report.
Related PCORI Dissemination and Implementation Project
|Results Highlight: A decision aid delivered through tobacco quitlines effectively reaches a screening-eligible population and results in informed decisions about lung cancer screening, according to a PCORI-funded study in Texas. Researchers devised the patient-centered decision aid to help smokers choose between screening options based on what is most important to them, and then compared its effectiveness versus a traditional brochure that answered common questions about screening. As the research team reported in JAMA Network Open, compared to the group that received the brochure, patients who used the decision aid were markedly more prepared to make a screening decision.|
Peer review of PCORI-funded research helps make sure the report presents complete, balanced, and useful information about the research. It also assesses how the project addressed PCORI’s Methodology Standards. During peer review, experts read a draft report of the research and provide comments about the report. These experts may include a scientist focused on the research topic, a specialist in research methods, a patient or caregiver, and a healthcare professional. These reviewers cannot have conflicts of interest with the study.
The peer reviewers point out where the draft report may need revision. For example, they may suggest ways to improve descriptions of the conduct of the study or to clarify the connection between results and conclusions. Sometimes, awardees revise their draft reports twice or more to address all of the reviewers’ comments.
Peer review identified the following strengths and limitations in the report:
- The reviewers considered the report well written and clear. The investigators added a table describing the video decision aid’s features to add detail about the intervention.
- The reviewers questioned whether the video is a shared decision making tool, or a supportive component of the patient’s visit with the provider when shared decision making occurred. The investigators confirmed that the video they created and tested was a patient decision aid that could help patients prepare for a conversation with their provider. They also added discussion in the background section to distinguish between decision aids and shared decision making.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures
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Training and Education Interventions