Peer review of PCORI-funded research helps make sure the report presents complete, balanced, and useful information about the research. It also confirms that the research has followed PCORI’s Methodology Standards. During peer review, experts who were not members of the research team read a draft report of the research. These experts may include a scientist focused on the research topic, a specialist in research methods, a patient or caregiver, and a healthcare professional. Reviewers do not have conflicts of interest with the study.
The peer reviewers point out where the draft report may need revision. For example, they may suggest ways to improve how the research team analyzed its results or reported its conclusions. Learn more about PCORI’s peer-review process here.
In response to peer review, Hess made changes including
- Adding results on the trust-in-physician scale to the abstract
- Noting clearly in the abstract that the decision aid used in the study safely improved care with less utilization of hospital resources
- Clarifying the clinical relevance of avoiding unnecessary CT scans and the need to engage parents in decisions regarding cranial CT scanning for children who have experienced a head injury
Final Research Report
View this project's final research report.
PCORI-funded researcher Erik Hess talks about his project that tested the use of a decision aid to help emergency department doctors and parents of children with head trauma discuss care options, including whether or not to obtain a head CT scan.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures
View the COI disclosure form.
|Article Highlight: Head CT scans may detect evidence of brain injury in children after minor head trauma, but they also expose children to radiation. In a JAMA Network Open article, this study reported that a decision aid used in emergency departments helped parents make better-informed decisions about whether their children would receive CT scans. Parents who used the aid had a better understanding of the symptoms of concussion, their child’s relative risk of brain injury, and the pros and cons of head CT scans.|