Results Summary and Professional Abstract
In Care Transitions, a Chance to Make or Break Patients' Recovery
Poorly executed transitions between healthcare settings—for example, from hospital to home or a nursing facility—can harm patients and lead to additional hospital visits. PCORI is funding projects to improve transitional care.
Peer review of PCORI-funded research helps make sure the report presents complete, balanced, and useful information about the research. It also confirms that the research has followed PCORI’s Methodology Standards. During peer review, experts who were not members of the research team read a draft report of the research. These experts may include a scientist focused on the research topic, a specialist in research methods, a patient or caregiver, and a healthcare professional. Reviewers do not have conflicts of interest with the study.
The peer reviewers point out where the draft report may need revision. For example, they may suggest ways to improve how the research team analyzed its results or reported its conclusions. Learn more about PCORI’s peer-review process here.
In response to peer review, the PI made changes including
- Describing the concealment process of study-group assignment for participants, under which staff who collected data did not know the group to which participants had been assigned
- Including a summary of the methods used for the qualitative study conducted in aim 1
- Adding information to the Methods and Results sections about measuring the use of oxygen taken from the participants’ devices, rather than relying only on self-report of oxygen use
- Revising the Discussion section to reduce the length of the first section and move details from the Conclusion section to the Discussion
- Adding a note to the Study Limitations section regarding the lack of information about the types of oxygen-delivery devices participants used, because the user-friendliness of a device can play a role in how likely it is to be used
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