Results Summary and Professional Abstract
Peer review of PCORI-funded research helps make sure the report presents complete, balanced, and useful information about the research. It also assesses how the project addressed PCORI’s Methodology Standards. During peer review, experts read a draft report of the research and provide comments about the report. These experts may include a scientist focused on the research topic, a specialist in research methods, a patient or caregiver, and a healthcare professional. These reviewers cannot have conflicts of interest with the study.
The peer reviewers point out where the draft report may need revision. For example, they may suggest ways to improve descriptions of the conduct of the study or to clarify the connection between results and conclusions. Sometimes, awardees revise their draft reports twice or more to address all of the reviewers’ comments.
Peer review identified the following strengths and limitations in the report:
- The reviewers found the report to be interesting and important. They were especially complimentary about the study’s focus on patient-reported alcohol use and abuse among people with HIV.
- The reviewers asked for an expansion of the researchers’ rationale for having an additional focus on patient-reported intimate partner violence (IPV) and social support for people with HIV. The researchers added this justification, noting in their response that patients who rated their major concerns did not think IPV was a significant issue, despite evidence that IPV has negative health effects for people in this population. The researchers added that the topic of social support came up often in qualitative interviews with patients.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures
View the COI disclosure form.