Peer review of PCORI-funded research helps make sure the report presents complete, balanced, and useful information about the research. It also assesses how the project addressed PCORI’s Methodology Standards. During peer review, experts read a draft report of the research and provide comments about the report. These experts may include a scientist focused on the research topic, a specialist in research methods, a patient or caregiver, and a healthcare professional. These reviewers cannot have conflicts of interest with the study.
The peer reviewers point out where the draft report may need revision. For example, they may suggest ways to improve descriptions of the conduct of the study or to clarify the connection between results and conclusions. Sometimes, awardees revise their draft reports twice or more to address all of the reviewers’ comments.
The awardee made the following revisions in response to peer review:
- The awardee reorganized the methods section sequentially, so the awardee could describe the methods for each aim separately. The awardee did this to address reviewers’ concerns about difficulty following the progression of the study.
- The awardee responded to reviewer questions about a study eligibility requirement that a child be able to self-report outcomes. In doing so, the awardee added more information to the methods section indicating that the awardee asked parents during study enrollment whether their children had any intellectual or developmental disabilities that would prevent their children from completing a study questionnaire. As a result, only a few intellectually disabled children with a rare genetic disorder participated in the study.
- The awardee underscored that the sleep measure focused on insomnia in children. Further, the awardee pointed out that the measure did not evaluate other pediatric sleep disorders, such as periodic limb movements or hypersomnia.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures
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