A healthy birth is the cornerstone to a healthy childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Preterm birth makes infants susceptible to developmental delays, breathing problems, cerebral palsy, hearing impairment, and vision problems, among other risks. This makes the prevention of preterm birth and other pregnancy complications of significant importance. Ensuring preconception, prenatal, and postpartum health is therefore fundamental to the development of a healthier society.
Multiple interventions improve pregnancy outcomes; however, race/ethnic variation in preconception health status suggests potential opportunities for patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR) to reduce health disparities. For Hispanic women in the United States, disparities in preterm birth and pregnancy outcomes are underrepresented for non–foreign born Hispanics due in large part to the “Latina Paradox,” whereby, through the effects of acculturation, Hispanic foreign-born immigrants have significantly better birth outcomes than their US-born descendants. This is the case of Puerto Rico residents and other areas with high Latino immigration. This trend is of national significance, with Hispanics boasting the highest fertility rates in the United States.
Our Tier I Pipeline to Proposal team will:
- Recruit, orient, and build the capacity of patients, researchers, and stakeholders to engage in PCOR for improved maternal child health (MCH).
- Develop a virtual collaboration space/online community for patients, researchers, and stakeholders to discuss MCH issues and topics.
- Develop a governance structure for PCOR to be carried out.