Final Research Report

View this project's final research report.

Peer-Review Summary

Peer review of PCORI-funded research helps make sure the report presents complete, balanced, and useful information about the research. It also assesses how the project addressed PCORI’s Methodology Standards. During peer review, experts read a draft report of the research and provide comments about the report. These experts may include a scientist focused on the research topic, a specialist in research methods, a patient or caregiver, and a healthcare professional. These reviewers cannot have conflicts of interest with the study.

The peer reviewers point out where the draft report may need revision. For example, they may suggest ways to improve descriptions of the conduct of the study or to clarify the connection between results and conclusions. Sometimes, awardees revise their draft reports twice or more to address all of the reviewers’ comments. 

Peer reviewers commented and the researchers made changes or provided responses. Those comments and responses included the following:

  • The reviewers asked for more information about the conditions that the researchers considered examining in this project, and how the researchers decided to focus on type 1 diabetes in children as the model condition used in the research. The researchers added information to the report describing the process they underwent to narrow the original eight conditions under consideration to three top priority conditions, and how they used health system leader input to decide to prioritize type 1 diabetes.
  • Reviewers questioned the researchers’ decision to omit outcome data from the National Quality Forum measure on cases of acute otitis media in children and suggested that the researchers describe the results they had on this measure for transparency. The researchers disagreed, explaining in the text the issues that made the validity of the measure questionable. The researchers responded to reviewers that they did not feel they should report data that were inaccurate and probably invalid.
  • The reviewers advised the researchers to remove a section of the report related to US News & World Report rankings of hospitals and hospital departments. This information was initially included because such rankings and benchmarking of hospitals would typically significantly affect referrals and revenue. The reviewers felt that this information heavily involved marketing rather than research and therefore did not belong in the report. The researchers moved this information to an appendix instead.

Conflict of Interest Disclosures

Project Information

Kathleen Walsh, MD
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Automating Quality and Safety Benchmarking for Children: Meeting the Needs of Health Systems and Patients

Key Dates

June 2016
July 2021

Study Registration Information


Has Results
Health Conditions Health Conditions These are the broad terms we use to categorize our funded research studies; specific diseases or conditions are included within the appropriate larger category. Note: not all of our funded projects focus on a single disease or condition; some touch on multiple diseases or conditions, research methods, or broader health system interventions. Such projects won’t be listed by a primary disease/condition and so won’t appear if you use this filter tool to find them. View Glossary
Populations Populations PCORI is interested in research that seeks to better understand how different clinical and health system options work for different people. These populations are frequently studied in our portfolio or identified as being of interest by our stakeholders. View Glossary
State State The state where the project originates, or where the primary institution or organization is located. View Glossary
Last updated: May 24, 2022