Results Summary

PCORI funded the development of PCORnet®, the National Patient-Centered Clinical Research Network, to make research faster, easier, and less costly to conduct. PCORnet is made up of Partner Networks of healthcare systems, patients and communities, and health plans that harness the power of large amounts of health data.

PCORI supports projects, designed in partnership with federal funding organizations, to improve the quality of data used in clinical research. This project is one of two projects designed to link data from PCORnet and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s Sentinel medical product monitoring system.

What was the project about?

Zika is a virus that is spread by mosquitoes. Pregnant women who get Zika are at risk of having babies with serious birth defects like microcephaly, or smaller than normal head size. Tracking Zika is an important part of stopping its spread. However, current tracking methods are limited to specific parts of the United States and may miss certain cases.

PCORnet created a shared database system that includes data from patients’ electronic health records, or EHRs. This shared data system includes data from a clinical data research network in Florida that is part of PCORnet. In this project, the team wanted to learn whether the database had enough data to track symptoms of Zika in babies. They also wanted to know if the data were complete and accurate. Last, they wanted to create a new method for searching databases to track Zika.

What were the results?

What data were in the database? The project team found that many necessary data for tracking Zika were in the database. These data included diagnoses of Zika, demographics, and lab test results. However, some data were not in the database. The team had to search for this information in patients’ EHRs. The team grouped other data that wasn’t in the database in terms of how easy the information would be to find. This includes data that were

  • Easy to find, like head measurements and whether the baby was born early
  • Moderately difficult to find, like hearing screening results
  • Very difficult to find, like vision screening results

Were the data in the database accurate? The project team found that data were accurate. For example, only 0.005 percent of babies had a medical record date that was before their date of birth. About 1.3 percent had head measurements that were too big or small to be real.

A doctor reviewed 36 records for babies whose data suggested possible microcephaly. The doctor found that 69 percent of those infants did have microcephaly.

Were the data in the database complete? The project team found that data elements were complete based on a review of 2,800 birth records from one hospital in 2016. For example, 99.8 percent of records had head measurement, and 99.8 percent had information on whether the baby was born early.

Could the team develop a new method to track Zika? The team created a new method to detect Zika by searching medical records from both mothers and babies.

Who was in the project?

The project included EHR data for 182,000 births from one health system in Florida. Birth records were from 2012 to 2017. The project team also looked at medical claims data from the Sentinel system. Sentinel is a tracking system for medical products that is run by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

What did the project team do?

The project team used different methods to answer each question. They looked at

  • What data the database had for tracking Zika, and what data the project team needed to find in medical records
  • How accurate the data were, by looking for errors and having a doctor review diagnoses of microcephaly
  • How complete the data were, by looking for records with missing data
  • Whether the team could create a new method for tracking Zika using the database

What were the limits of the project?

The data in the database do not contain some key information that may help track Zika. The project team had to review patient medical records to get these data.

Future projects can use the tracking method for other health conditions.

How can people use the results?

Research teams can use these methods when planning studies that use the PCORnet database to identify people with health problems.

Project Information

William Hogan, MD, MS
University of Florida
$399,998

Key Dates

12 months
October 2017
2016
2018

Study Registration Information

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State

The state where the project originates, or where the primary institution or organization is located.

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Last updated: October 20, 2021