The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) is committed to advancing the capacity of PCORnet to fulfill the need for stakeholder-prioritized rapid-cycle research studies and projects. The PCORI Board of Governors approved funding for rapid-cycle research studies and projects using PCORnet’s infrastructure to support stakeholder-prioritized rapid evidence generation. Research and projects that use PCORnet are funded to assess the feasibility of conducting future stakeholder-prioritized research and to complete small, rapid, observational research studies that address stakeholder-prioritized research questions.
This rapid-cycle descriptive analysis project aims to demonstrate PCORnet’s capacity to create a more robust Opioid Surveillance Data Set and address current gaps in timely access to clinical data necessary for surveillance, prevention, and intervention. This project serves as a PCORnet Opioid Surveillance Demonstration effort that will complement existing and future surveillance efforts led by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute on Drug Abuse, and other stakeholders. The project goals will be accomplished through identifying both the data elements in the PCORnet Common Data Model necessary to create a profile of opioid epidemic risk factors, clinical processes, outcomes of interest, and the high value external data sources (e.g., data from payers, Coroners’ and Medical Examiners’ offices, toxicology tests, death-scene investigations, the Social Security Administration, Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs, emergency medical services) that could be integrated for future work and harmonized with the Common Data Model. Ultimately, this proposal aims to demonstrate PCORnet’s capabilities as a unique and effective resource for developing and monitoring indicators of healthcare-associated processes and outcomes and measuring program effectiveness within Opioids surveillance and prevention.