PCORI has identified the need for large studies that look at real-life questions facing diverse patients, caregivers, and clinicians. In 2014, PCORI launched the Pragmatic Clinical Studies initiative to support large-scale comparative effectiveness studies focusing on everyday care for a wide range of patients. The Pragmatic Clinical Studies initiative funded this research project and others.
This research project is in progress. PCORI will post the research findings on this page within 90 days after the results are final.
What is the research about?
Diverticulitis occurs when pouches in the digestive tract become inflamed. Patients have symptoms such as pain, fever, and nausea. Some patients only have one episode, but the problem can come back. Guidelines for treating this health problem recommend that doctors work with each patient to choose a treatment.
One treatment option is surgery. Surgery lowers the risk of repeat episodes and can relieve symptoms. But surgery has risks such as bleeding, infection, or harm to nearby organs.
Another treatment option is medical management. In this approach, patients manage symptoms through diet, exercise, and supplements such as fiber. A doctor may also prescribe antibiotics. Medical management is less invasive and safer than surgery. It can improve symptoms, but it may not prevent repeat episodes.
In this study, the research team is comparing the effect of diverticulitis treatment with surgery or medical management on patients’ quality of life.
Who can this research help?
Results may help doctors and patients when considering ways to treat diverticulitis.
What is the research team doing?
The research team is enrolling 500 patients with diverticulitis. The team is assigning patients by chance to receive initial treatment with surgery or medical management. For patients assigned to receive surgery, surgeons remove the diseased part of the colon. Patients assigned to medical management view a video that explains strategies such as diet, exercise, medicine, and supplements.
The research team is asking patients about their quality of life at the start of the study and again 6, 9, and 12 months later. Also, the team is looking into
- How patients feel about their treatment decision
- How productive patients are at work
- If patients had any life-threatening side effects from treatment
- Patients’ healthcare use
The research team is comparing these outcomes between those who receive surgery and those who receive medical management. They are also comparing results with 200 patients who had surgery or medical management, who were not assigned to one of these options by chance.
Patients with diverticulitis, surgeons, and leaders of professional societies are helping to design the study.
Research methods at a glance
Other Clinical Interventions
*All proposed projects, including requested budgets and project periods, are approved subject to a programmatic and budget review by PCORI staff and the negotiation of a formal award contract.