Project Summary

Artificial Intelligence (AI) in health care has a wide range of applications related to medical imaging. However, the application of AI in areas other than medical imaging is still in early stages. To understand the landscape of applications of AI in health care, the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) commissioned a narrative review of AI applications in general health areas and evidence mapping of application of AI in nine specific types of health conditions: cancer, cerebrovascular, cardiovascular, dementia, diabetes, kidney disease, mental health, respiratory, and substance use disorder. The purpose of this report is to examine the evidence currently supporting approved AI applications in the United States, and additional AI applications in these medical fields that may be available in the near term.

The narrative review section of this report focuses on different AI applications in broader healthcare conditions. The evidence mapping section, through systematic search and selection, interactively maps the evidence currently supporting AI applications for nine specific health conditions.

Narrative Review Report (Published February 2021) and Evidence Map

Recognizing the importance of this emerging technology and the potential of artificial intelligence (AI) to improve health for all, this report focuses on applications of AI in health that are currently in use or may be in use in the near future.

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Issue Brief (Published July 2021)

This issue brief describes AI applications currently in use and on the horizon, evidence for AI in clinical medicine, and challenges and opportunities ahead.

View Issue Brief

About the Emerging Technologies and Therapeutics Reports
The Emerging Technologies and Therapeutics Reports provide timely summaries of evidence supporting new drugs, devices, and other healthcare technologies that are recently in use or may be available in the near term in the United States. The documents also identify gaps that need to be addressed for the technologies or therapeutics to move forward.

Project Information

RAND Corporation

Key Dates

March 2021


Project Status
Health Conditions Health Conditions These are the broad terms we use to categorize our funded research studies; specific diseases or conditions are included within the appropriate larger category. Note: not all of our funded projects focus on a single disease or condition; some touch on multiple diseases or conditions, research methods, or broader health system interventions. Such projects won’t be listed by a primary disease/condition and so won’t appear if you use this filter tool to find them. View Glossary
State State The state where the project originates, or where the primary institution or organization is located. View Glossary
Last updated: December 15, 2022