Project Summary

Artificial Intelligence (AI) in health care has a wide range of applications related to medical imaging. However, the application of AI in areas other than medical imaging is still in early stages. To understand the landscape of applications of AI in health care, the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) commissioned a narrative review of AI applications in general health areas and evidence mapping of application of AI in nine specific types of health conditions: cancer, cerebrovascular, cardiovascular, dementia, diabetes, kidney disease, mental health, respiratory, and substance use disorder. The purpose of this report is to examine the evidence currently supporting approved AI applications in the United States, and additional AI applications in these medical fields that may be available in the near term.

The narrative review section of this report focuses on different AI applications in broader healthcare conditions. The evidence mapping section, through systematic search and selection, interactively maps the evidence currently supporting AI applications for nine specific health conditions.

About the Emerging Technologies and Therapeutics Reports
The Emerging Technologies and Therapeutics Reports provide timely summaries of evidence supporting new drugs, devices, and other healthcare technologies that are recently in use or may be available in the near term in the United States. The documents also identify gaps that need to be addressed for the technologies or therapeutics to move forward.

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Evidence Map and Evidence Visualization

Artificial Intelligence in Clinical Care
From self-driving cars to smartphones, artificial intelligence (AI) has already changed many aspects of human life. Some areas of health care, such as the analysis of medical images, are already benefiting from AI. But the role of AI in the health sector is still not clear. These visualizations have been designed to obtain a better understanding of the applications of AI in health care and of the available evidence about their benefits.

More About This Other Evidence Products


Artificial Intelligence: New Report Explores Applications for Health Care
Artificial intelligence is impacting the healthcare field, but its role outside medical imaging remains unclear. A new report and evidence map examine the evidence on non-imaging artificial intelligence applications in health care.

Project Information

RAND Corporation

Key Dates

10 months
March 2021


Project Status
Award Type


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Last updated: November 23, 2021