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Millions of American women experience urinary incontinence (UI) at some point in their lives. Causes of UI can include pregnancy or childbirth. Pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) are exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor and can treat UI. Different types of PFMT exist.
This evidence visualization presents the results from a systematic review of randomized controlled trials of PFMT for UI. Systematic reviews combine the results of many studies to help determine which treatments work best. The review had four questions:
1. Does PFMT alone provide relief from UI?
2. Do different methods of implementing of PFMT provide different levels of relief from UI?
3. Can PFMT + add-on treatments provide more relief from UI than PFMT alone?
4. Are alternative behavioral methods more effective than PFMT alone for relief of UI?
For each question, the review team looked at whether women’s UI symptoms improved or were cured and whether women’s quality of life improved.
How Do I Use this Evidence Visualization?
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Methodology and Additional Information
- View the methodology report for this evidence visualization.
- This evidence visualization builds upon work from a PCORI-AHRQ systematic review, Nonsurgical Treatments for Urinary Incontinence in Women: A Systematic Review Update.
- For further information on nonsurgical urinary incontinence treatments for women, see the PCORI Evidence Update for Women and Quick Look for Clinicians.
- Related PCORI Blog: Visualizing Data to Compare Different Types of Pelvic Floor Muscle Training Exercises for Women with Urinary Incontinence
To share your feedback on this evidence visualization, contact the Research Synthesis team.