Bhasin S, Gill TM, Reuben DB, Latham NK, Ganz DA, Greene EJ, Dziura J, Basaria S, Gurwitz JH, Dykes PC, McMahon S, Storer TW, Gazarian P, Miller ME, Travison TG, Esserman D, Carnie MB, Goehring L, Fagan M, Greenspan SL, Alexander N, Wiggins J, Ko F, Siu AL, Volpi E, Wu AW, Rich J, Waring SC, Wallace RB, Casteel C, Resnick NM, Magaziner J, Charpentier P, Lu C, Araujo K, Rajeevan H, Meng C, Allore H, Brawley BF, Eder R, McGloin JM, Skokos EA, Duncan PW, Baker D, Boult C, Correa-de-Araujo R, Peduzzi P; STRIDE Trial Investigators. A Randomized Trial of a Multifactorial Strategy to Prevent Serious Fall Injuries. N Engl J Med. 2020 Jul 9;383(2):129-140. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2002183. PMID: 32640131.
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Trial Assessed Personalized Approach to Reducing Older Adults’ Risks for Fall-Related Injuries
Falls are the leading cause of injury-related death among older Americans and lead to 3 million emergency department visits every year. This paper in the New England Journal of Medicine highlights findings from the PCORI- and National Institutes of Health-funded STRIDE Study, a large-scale trial that assessed a personalized approach to reducing older adults’ risks for fall-related injuries in typical primary care settings.
The study found that having nurses tailor and administer fall-prevention plans for older adults at high risk resulted in about an 8 percent to 10 percent reduction in serious fall injuries, but this effect was not statistically significant. The paper discusses potential barriers to care and other factors that could account for why a more significant reduction in serious fall injuries was not seen when risk-reduction strategies shown to be effective in previous studies were deployed this way in real-world circumstances and settings.