This collection of papers, articles, and commentaries provides insights into PCORI-funded work to advance patient-centered comparative clinical effectiveness research. PCORI is committed to the principles of transparency and openness in all of our work. We encourage authors to make their publications available without a subscription.
PCORI in the Literature
Five-Year Outcomes for Common Bariatric Surgeries
The PCORnet® Bariatric Study, which is using data from PCORnet, The National Patient-Centered Clinical Research Network, to study outcomes among patients who undergo common weight-loss surgeries, has published another paper in a prominent medical journal. This time, five-year outcomes of patients who underwent either gastric bypass or adjustable banding were measured. As the research team published in JAMA Surgery, gastric bypass patients were significantly more likely than gastric sleeve patients to end up back in the hospital in the years following surgery.
Lung Cancer Screening Study Highlighted in JAMA
A decision aid delivered through tobacco quitlines effectively reaches a screening-eligible population and results in informed decisions about lung cancer screening, according to a PCORI-funded study in Texas. Researchers devised the patient-centered decision aid to help smokers choose between screening options based on what is most important to them, and then compared its effectiveness versus a traditional brochure that answered common questions about screening. As the research team reported in JAMA Network Open, compared to the group that received the brochure, patients who used the decision aid were markedly more prepared to make a screening decision.