PCORI provides Evidence Updates to highlight some of our important research findings.
Type 2 Diabetes and Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose
Daily self-monitoring of blood glucose may not provide benefit for non-insulin-requiring patients with type 2 diabetes. The PCORI-funded Monitor Trial adds to evidence on this topic from a relatively large pragmatic trial. View highlights and discussions of the findings from the Monitor Trial and related studies to help inform shared decisions about diabetes management.
Narrow- versus Broad-Spectrum Antibiotics for Common Infections in Children
When bacteria cause an ear, nose, or throat infection in children, a clinician may prescribe narrow- or broad-spectrum antibiotics. A PCORI-funded research study found a greater risk of side effects with broad-spectrum antibiotics, with no difference in symptom resolution between the two types.
Antipsychotic Treatment for Children with Hyperactivity or Disruptive Disorders
Clinicians often prescribe antipsychotics for children and adolescents diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or disruptive, impulse-control, and conduct disorders (DICDs). New evidence on the benefits and harms of this treatment can help with decisions about these drugs.
Early-stage prostate cancer can be treated in different ways. Two recent PCORI-funded research studies provide new information on the effects of treatments and can help patients navigate their treatment decisions.
Treatments for Stroke Prevention
Medications are available to prevent stroke and are recommended for those at risk, including patients with prior stroke and atrial fibrillation. But these treatments are underused, especially in older patients who often have higher risk for stroke. Findings from the PCORI-funded PROSPER study provide new information about the use of these treatments and about their effects on health outcomes that matter most to patients.
Check back for Evidence Updates on additional topics in the coming months. Are you interested in disseminating our Evidence Updates more broadly? Contact DisseminationQuestions@pcori.org to discuss opportunities.
Posted: September 28, 2017; Updated: January 2, 2018