Topic Spotlight

Cancer

PCORI Answers Critical Questions

Evidence gaps can make it difficult to know which approach to cancer care will work best given a particular patient’s needs. PCORI funds studies that seek to help patients, clinicians and others answer a range of questions they might have about cancer care, such as:

Clinician: What are the most effective treatments for a patient whose lung cancer didn’t respond to chemotherapy?

Patient: I have both diabetes and prostate cancer. How do I make sure my doctors have all the information they need when discussing my treatment options, so that we take into account all my health issues?

Patient: I have a family history of cancer, but not breast cancer. How often do I really need a mammogram?

Cancer Study Spotlights

Results Highlights for Patients and Clinicians

Early-stage prostate cancer can be treated in different ways. Two research studies provide new information on the effects of treatments that may help patients navigate their treatment decisions. In addition, view a new CME activity about contemporary treatment options.

Breast Cancer Screening: Annual versus Personalized

National guidelines call for middle-aged women to get annual mammograms, even though they have different risks for developing breast cancer. This study compares annual screening versus screening tailored to individual risk levels.

Informed Decisions about Lung Cancer Screening

Annual lung cancer screening for smokers could save 12,000 lives, although the test itself carries some risks. This study compares the impact on screening rates and patient outcomes of an informational video versus standard patient educational materials.

Cancer Portfolio Snapshots

Cancer Disease Portfolio - Areas of care addressed by number of projects
Prevention: 2
Screening: 10
Diagnosis: 4
Survivorship: 12
Treatment: 51
As of September 2017
Cancer Disease Portfolio - Most studied cancer types
Breast 22
Colorectal 12
Lung 12
Prostate 9
Cervical 8
Blood 5
As of September 2017