Topic Spotlight

Obesity

PCORI Answers Critical Questions

PCORI funds studies to help patients and those who care for them answer a range of questions about obesity, such as:

Clinician: Several of my patients who have obesity have asked me how they can lose weight. Which are the most effective ways to help them do so and live healthier lives?

Caregiver: I’m about to have my first child and I’ve heard that giving my baby antibiotics in the first two years of her life could increase her chance of becoming overweight later. Does that risk vary depending on how much of these drugs she receives and how often?

Benefits Manager: We’re hearing that weight loss surgery can improve people’s health, which could mean fewer sick days. But which of the several weight loss surgeries is most effective?

Obesity Study Spotlights

Treating Obesity in Rural Primary Care

This study in the rural Midwest tests conventional delivery of obesity treatment in clinics by primary care physicians against two other approaches in which care is enhanced by obesity counseling specialists and patient support.

Learn from Success, Improve Childhood Obesity

This study found that children who were overweight achieved healthier weights after their parents received information about behavior change, and after their clinicians got help counseling families.

Comparing Weight Loss Surgeries

Using the resources of PCORnet, this study is reviewing data from 60,000 patients records to compare the risks and benefits of the three most common weight loss surgeries: gastric bypass, gastric banding, and sleeve gastrectomy.

Obesity Portfolio Snapshots

Obesity portfolio snapshot - Areas of care addressed
Treatment - 14
Screening - 1
Prevention - 1
As of October 2017
Obesity portfolio snapshot - Most studied populations
Racial/ethnic minorities - 14
Low income - 10
Individuals with multiple chronic conditions - 8
Children - 6
Low health literacy - 4
Urban - 3
As of October 2017