Topic Spotlight

Telehealth

PCORI Answers Critical Questions

Evidence gaps leave unclear whether telehealth strategies are effective for particular conditions, patient populations, or settings. Also unclear is which telehealth approaches work best. PCORI funds studies that seek to help patients, clinicians, and others answer critical questions, such as:

Insurer: Is providing treatments for hepatitis C virus (HCV) for injection drug users in methadone clinics via telemedicine more effective than referring people in such clinics to get HCV care from liver specialists outside of the clinics?

Patient: Would I get the same quality of care through a virtual house call with my specialist as I would by going to her clinic, which is a long drive from my home?

Clinician: I have several patients with high blood pressure. Is telehealth effective in helping people reduce their risks of stroke and other conditions that go along with hypertension?

Telehealth Study Spotlights

Virtual House Calls can Provide Effective Parkinson's Care and Convenience

This study found that among people with Parkinson’s disease, receiving care from neurological specialists via video conferencing at home was feasible and also preferred over traveling to get in-person specialty care. The virtual house calls saved patients in the study a median of 88 minutes and 38 miles per visit.

Do Exercise Programs Provided by Telephone or Internet Help People With MS

Clinics that provide exercise, yoga, and other nondrug therapies for people with multiple sclerosis are scarce in some areas. This study compares the benefits of an exercise program when patients receive it in a clinic versus at home via internet or telephone.

Improving Children’s Access to Mental Health Care

This study compares two approaches to enrolling children from medically underserved families into mental health care services. In the traditional approach, mental health clinics contact families by telephone. In a new approach, a care coordinator sets up a videoconference involving family members, primary care physicians, and mental health providers.

Telehealth Portfolio Snapshots

Telehealth Most Studied Conditions - Nutritional and Metabolic Disorders (9) Cardiovascular Disease (8) Mental/Behavioral Health (8) Neurological Disorders (6) Rare Diseases (6) Cancer (5) Respirator Diseases (5). As of November 2017
Telehealth Purpose of Intervention - Promote Self-Management (42) Education (36) Improve Access to Specialty Care (20) Remote Monitoring (10). As of November 2017