Topic Spotlight

Children's Health

PCORI Answers Critical Questions

From infancy and childhood through adolescence, children and their caregivers have changing needs and preferences for care—even without a serious health condition. To explore those issues, PCORI funds studies to help children and those who care for them answer critical healthcare questions, such as:

Parent: I’m concerned about the long-term effects of antibiotics, including how they may contribute to weight gain. What is the latest information on how antibiotic overuse may increase my child’s risk of having obesity?

Pediatrician: Many of my patients are Latino children who have asthma. What are the most effective ways of educating my patients and their parents about how to control asthma symptoms?

Child Psychologist: I often recommend cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for my patients who have obsessive compulsive disorder. Is CBT performed both in my office and in the patient’s home more effective than office-based therapy alone?

Children's Health Study Spotlights

Increasing Community Participation for People of All Abilities

People living with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) and their families often face barriers to participating in their own communities. These challenges can include a building’s design that makes entry difficult to misperceptions about a person’s behavior. An occupational therapist is leading a PCORI-funded project to make community participation easier for people with IDD and their families.

Using Computer Alert Systems in the Emergency Room to Screen for Child Abuse

Hospital staff look for signs of abuse in children cared for in emergency rooms but don’t always order standard tests that help detect child abuse. This study found that clinicians were more likely to check for and report suspected abuse when prompted by an alert system built into the hospital’s electronic health record. PCORI is now funding a project to implement the system in other children’s hospitals.

Narrow- versus Broad-Spectrum Antibiotics for Common Infections in Children

When bacteria cause an ear, nose, or throat infection in children, a clinician may prescribe narrow- or broad-spectrum antibiotics. This study found that narrow-spectrum antibiotics worked just as well as broad-spectrum antibiotics. Also, children taking narrow-spectrum antibiotics had fewer side effects than children taking broad-spectrum antibiotics.

Children's Health Portfolio Snapshots

Portfolio snapshot for the Children's Health topic page
Areas of care addressed - by number of projects. A project may study more than one area of care.
Prevention - 11
Screening - 4
Diagnosis - 3
Treatment - 65
Other - 4
As of November 2020
Portfolio snapshot for the Children's Health topic page
Most studied conditions - by number of projects. A project may study more than one condition.
Mental/behavioral health - 22
Rare diseases - 18
Nutritional and metabolic disorders - 11